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what is monkeypox?

monkeypox
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Monkeypox isn’t a new virus disease; we’ve known the virus can affect humans since 1970. Butt until now its primarily been confined to countries in west central Africa. Where it’s endemic the latest outbreak is concerning scientists because of the global scale and the risk that the virus will gain a permanent foothold in countries where it hasn’t previously existed.

Monkeypox is a virus from the same family as the smallpox virus through its much less severe. we call it zoonosis which means it comes from animals although severe cases can occur. It’s generally mid a self-limiting disease. That’s a loss between two and four weeks.

1. Signs and symptoms of monkeypox.

This disease can see two phases in humans

First phase.

The first phase is called the invasion phase and this is where someone will have symptoms.

  • Ranging from back pain to swollen lymph nodes.
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Respiration symptoms eg. cough, short breath.

Then develop within a day or two to have rashes and severe lesions on your body. what we think of traditionally is these pus-filled blisters which may be on your hands or feet or lean anywhere.

According to WHO these latest outbreaks k across Europe North America and the rest of the world. We are seeing the symptoms develop slightly.

Second phases.

Two phases of disease are much more merged, we’re also seeing a lot of more cabby spots and lesions rather than these pus-filled blisters.

2. How it’s spreading?

In some cases, the spots and rashes aren’t itchy but in quite a few that itchy and painful and causes quiet. A lot of nastiness and monkeypox predominantly spreads among people via very close contact. The virus enters through broken skin even if this isn’t visible to our respiratory tract all through our eyes, nose, and mouth. So how could it get there?

It can be spread when you might cough or sneeze but this would usually be during prolonged face.

It spread through close contact via skin so especially, broken skin and the sores and scabs that you get are highly infectious.

You can also catch it through linen used by an infected person. This presents a big threat for health care workers who might be changing the bedding at a hospital.

So far the bulk of cases in this outbreak has been among gay bisexual and other men who have sex with men there have been cases. 

3. Causes of monkeypox.

It’s caused by a virus. Belonging to the orthopoxvirus genus that has an oval-shaped appearance.

4. How to prevent monkeypox?

Everyone knows that the monkeypox virus is transmitted from an animal. So must be avoided

  • Sick and dead animal
  • Any animal meat to need properly cooked before eating.
  • If any people affected in your area must wear gloves masks or protective clothing should be worn while taking care of the sick.

5. Treatment of monkeypox.

According to the WHO vaccination giant smallpox with the first-generation vaccine. Virus-based smallpox vaccine was shown to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox in the past. If needed, medications for pain (analgesics) and fever (antipyretics) can be utilized to alleviate some symptoms. It’s vital for any individual with monkeypox to remain hydrated, eat well and get sufficient rest. Individuals who are self-isolation ought to take care of their psychological well-being by doing things they discover relaxing and pleasurable, keeping in touch with loved ones using technology, working out if they feel well enough to do so, and asking for help with their psychological wellness if they require it.

summary:

Monkeypox is a virus from the same family as the smallpox virus through its much less severe. Then develop within a day or two to have rashes and severe lesions on your body. In some cases, the spots and rashes aren’t itchy but in quite a few that itchy and painful and cause quiet. It’s caused by a virus. Everyone knows that the monkeypox virus is transmitted from an animal. So must be avoided

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